Khatyn State Memorial Complex
The memorial complex "Khatyn" is the national shrine of memory and unique by perpetuating the memory of the inhabitants of Khatyn, residents of hundreds of burnt Belarusian villages and civilians killed by the Nazis during World War II. On 22 March 1943, the Nazis burned the village of Khatyn with its 149 inhabitants, among them 75 were children. In January 1966, the Belarusian Communist Party Central Committee decided to found a memorial complex, called "Khatyn". The opening took place on 5 July 1969. The complex consists of several separate elements. In the center, there is the bronze sculpture of "Unbowed Man". Near, there is a symbolic roof of the barn where people were burnt alive. In the common grave, there is the "Crown of Memory". On the site of each of the 26 homes burned, there is a log-house monument with an obelisk as a chimney, where a plaque with the names of dead people of the house. Obelisks are topped by bells. This is the only "Cemetery of villages" in the world: 185 urns with the soil of villages burned together with their residents and not restored. The "Wall of Memory" is a monument to all the people of Belarus, regardless of nationality or religion, who the Nazis exterminated. The eternal fire and three birches symbolize the memory of every fourth citizen of Belarus, who died during the war. The total number of items in the fund is 617, collections - 17, with the most distinctive: "Faleristics", "Graphics", "Art Postcards". Unique items: autolithographies by V.P. Sharongovicha "In Memory of Burnt Villages", the icons of the 19th century. The branches are the memorial complexes "Mound of Glory" and "Dalva".
The First National Forum "Museums of Belarus". Museum Catalogue. The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Belarus, 2012.